What is allergic rhinitis (hay fever)?
Allergic rhinitis (hay fever) is an allergic reaction to allergens, which are small particles in the air. When you inhale allergens through your nose or mouth, your body produces histamine, a natural molecule. Hay fever is known to be caused by a variety of indoor and outdoor allergens. Dust mites, mold, pet dandruff, and pollen are also common culprits.
Sneezing, nasal congestion, and irritation may be felt in the nose, throat, mouth and eyes. Infectious rhinitis, also known as the common cold, is different from allergic rhinitis. Hay fever is not spreadable.
When do people usually get hay fever?
Hay fever can strike at any time of year. Seasonal allergies are more common in the spring, summer, and early fall when trees and weeds blossom and pollen counts rise. Perennial allergies can occur all year. They are caused by irritants that are always present, such as pet dander, cockroaches, and dust mites.
What causes allergic rhinitis?
Perennial and seasonal allergies may result from many allergens, including:
- Dust mitet live in carpets, drapes, bedding and furniture.
- Mold spores.
- Cockroaches, including their saliva and waste.
- Pollen from trees, weeds and grass.
- Pet dander.
What are the symptoms?
You can feel the symptoms of hay fever throughout the year. Outdoor allergies are felt in spring, summer and early autumn in the form of more severe symptoms. Common symptoms include:
- Nasal stuffiness (congestion), sneezing, and a runny nose are all symptoms of sinusitis.
- The nose, throat, and eyes are all itchy.
- Headaches, sinus discomfort, and dark circles beneath the eyes are all common symptoms.
- Mucus production in the nose and throat has increased.
- Malaise and exhaustion (general feeling of discomfort).
- Sore throat as a result of mucous running down the throat (postnasal drip).
- Wheezing, coughing, and difficulty breathing
How is allergic rhinitis treated?
Several allergy medications can help relieve your hay fever symptoms. These medications are available in a variety of forms, including liquids, tablets, eye drops, nasal sprays, and injections. Before taking any drug, consult with your doctor, especially if you are pregnant or have other health issues.
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